KEY LARGO VACATION
FOR INFORMATION AND BOOKINGS CALL 516-991-9575
No other part of the world has been shaped so completely as the Caribbean by the two institutions of European colonialism and plantation slavery. Caribbean history, like its geography, is highly fractured. - Anglophone, Hispanophone, and Francophone territories, and to political, economic, and cultural developments.
.The history of the Dominican Republic could be divided into four main periods: the precolombian period, the Spanish/colonial period, the intermediate period and the independence period. The colonial/Spanish period starts with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492 and ends around 1790-1791. The intermediate period started around 1790 and finished in 1844 with the proclamation of the Dominican independence from Haiti. The independence period runs from 1844 to the present.
Located in the Caribbean Sea, the Dominican Republic covers an area of 18,792 square miles (48,671 square kilometers), occupying the eastern portion of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Antilles. It shares the island with Haiti, but the two neighbors have little in common. Haiti’s population has French and African roots, while the Dominican Republic is more closely associated with Latin America. Like many Latin American countries, the Dominican Republic has experienced ethnic tensions, oppressive military rulers, political disorder, and civil unrest-however, these problems have paled in comparison with neighboring Haiti, which is one of the most troubled countries in the Western Hemisphere. The capital of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo.
Spain ceded the colony to France in 1795, and Haitian blacks under Toussaint L'Ouverture conquered it in 1801. In 1808, the people revolted and captured Santo Domingo the next year, setting up the first republic. Spain regained title to the colony in 1814. In 1821 Spanish rule was overthrown, but in 1822 the colony was reconquered by the Haitians. In 1844, the Haitians were thrown out and the Dominican Republic was established, headed by Pedro Santana. Uprisings and Haitian attacks led Santana to make the country a province of Spain from 1861 to 1865.
For the next 22 years the whole island of Hispaniola was under Haitian control - Dominicans call the period "The Haitian Occupation". Due to their loss of political and economic control, the the former Spanish ruling class deeply resented the occupation . During the late 1830's, an underground resistance group, La Trinitaria, was organized under the leadership of Juan Pablo Duarte. After multiple attacks on the Haitian army, and because of internal discord among the Haitians, the Haitians eventually retreated. Independence of the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola was officially declared on February 27, 1844, and the name República Dominicana (Dominican Republic) was adopted.1808 - Spain retakes Santo Domingo following revolt by Spanish Creoles
In Dominican society – as in most of Latin America – the degree of discrimination is related to a blend of factors, including skin colour, clothing, family background, income/educational levels, cultural orientation, the accent used when speaking Spanish or whatever alternative language an individual uses. Variations in the patterns of slavery in the two regions were in some way responsible for the differences in race relations; and that religious, economic, cultural, and political factors determined the trajectory of race relations.
Haitians are therefore stigmatized because of the combination of their dark skin colour, low income level/social ranking, clothing quality and especially because they have steadfastly retained many of their traditional ancestral cultural values and modes. Therefore they are seen as being not 'European' enough, and above all 'too African'.
All forms of Haitian culture, such as holidays, traditional African-based religious practices (Voodoo) and the Africanized French (Creole), are derided and socially discriminated against. Dominicans typically claim the existence of a distinct Haitian 'look', which usually consists of darker skin and shabby clothing.
Dominican Republic comprises the eastern two-thirds side of the island of Hispaniola which neighbours the former French colony of Haiti. United States and other imperialist powers like France and Germany have persecuted, exploited and from time to time, occupied Haiti and how the Haitian people have resisted by any means possible.
At least half of Haiti's population in 1790 were killed before 1802 and still the Haitian people won. They crushed France's genocidal attempt to re-enslave them by crushing Napoleon's army. This hard-won victory meant Haiti was a beacon of hope and inspiration to enslaved African people of the United States, even after they obtained their freedom. Frederick Douglass, the famous Black abolitionist who was the U.S. consul in Port-au-Prince in the 1880s,
Cabarete was built as the bohemian center of the island.It is a city that offers much in the way of the past.
A former sugar cane plantation guard, Rafael Trujillo began his ascent to power in the National Guard, where he was trained by American Marines occupying the Dominican Republic. He quickly rose through the ranks, becoming head of the armed forces when the American troops left in 1924, a time of relative prosperity. It was not long before he toppled an aging caretaker president, and in 1930 he began a thiry-one-year dictatorship
In 1937 thousands of Haitians living near the border of the Dominican Republic are massacred by Dominican soldiers under the orders of President General Trujillo. In 1937, Dominican dictator Rafael
Trujillo ordered his country cleansed of Haitians. Estimates of the dead
range from 12,000 to 34,000.
Relations between the countries have always been tense, punctuated by
invasions and massacres that often revolve around race.
Of the many attendees, the only president to respond was Trujillo, who offered a vast expanse of farm land and 100,000 visas. This offer not only repaired his relations with the rest of the world, but also fit into his "whitening" plan. While it saved lives, the plan failed as a social engineering project. Most of the 5,000 or so refugees who acquired visas soon left for other countries. And it turned out that only about half of the 700 people who eventually settled in the new community of Sosúa were unmarried; very few of the rest married Dominicans.
Because of bureaucratic difficulties in the countries from which the Jews were to leave, both in their countries of origin and the countries of passage, and the slow pace adopted by the institutions responsible for the implementation of the project, its success was less than satisfactory. Between 1940 and 1942, when because of the War no more Jews could make it, less than 600 persons finally settled there. After the War a few families arrived from
OCEAN POINTE SUITE
FOR INFORMATION AND BOOKINGS CALL 516-991-9575
Sep 01-Dec 15 ... $125/night .. $ 800/week. (3 night min) Dec 16-Aug 31 ... $150/night .. $ 950/week. (3 night min) Holidays ........ $200/night .. $1100/week. (3 night min) Special Events .. $200/night .. $1100/week. (3 night min) Special Events includes Mini + Open Lobster Season. 20 % deposit required to make a reservation. Refundable up to 30 days before arrival date. Note: Until confirmed, rates are subject to change without notice.
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